Limonene | Noun

/ˈli-mə-ˌnēn/

  1. A terpene recognizable for its zesty citrus fragrance, primarily in lemon, but also in orange, lime, and grapefruit. Limonene is found in the peels of these citrus fruits and in many varieties of cannabis.

Limonene is found in mint, juniper, Rosemary, walnut, and cannabis. This terpene is a antidepressant, anxiolytic, immunostimulant, antibacterial, and anticancer agent. Limonene is among the most widely used terpenes. This very aromatic terpene is abundantly produced from the trichomes of many cannabis breeds, together with cannabinoids. Just like other terpenes, limonene has its interaction modes within the body. This herbal compound’s medicinal properties are currently under study, while smoking or vaporizing a cannabis strain with high levels of limonene offers a exceptional flavor experience and an energizing high. Terpenes are the category of chemicals with a large choice of fragrances and tastes. They contribute considerably to quality of fruits and vegetables, and they are involved in the synthesis of different biochemical substances such as vitamins, hormones, oils, and also naturally cannabinoids. Terpenes extracted from crops are the most crucial components of the essential oils used in herbal medicine, nutrition and makeup. Wine and beer are full of terpenes. Cannabis is among the plants with the best complexity of terpenes, bringing us all their aromas and curative effects. The blend of unique terpenes and cannabinoids is known as the entourage impact. This synergetic activity between terpenes and the rest of the all-natural cannabis compounds is proven to significantly modify, and enhance, the activity of the single THC, CBD, or other cannabinoid. These compounds constitute from 10 to 20 percent of the entire resin contained in the trichomes. Another terpene of all sginficance inside cannabis is pinene – and well worth a read up on. Lemon, oranges and other citrus fruits’ zest contain large quantities of the volatile monoterpene, which can be found in many other plants such as mint, juniper, rosemary and pine needles. The rapid evaporation of monoterpenes creates limonene quickly hit the sensory receptors of parasites, insects, or inquisitive animals, who instantly perceive its odor as a toxin. You can imagine why some of the smartest plants are packaged with lemony resins. After myrcene, limonene is the most abundant terpenes in most of the cannabis breeds, but this doesn’t indicate all kinds must smell like lemon. Among its compound forms makes limonene odor mostly like tangerine, while some other form smells like lemon, as well as the other tastes like grapefruit. Studies on the entourage effect in cannabis have discovered that limonene activates synergies with different cannabinoids and other terpenes. Furthermore, the increased cell permeability caused by limonene facilitates the assimilation of different substances by the body. This substance has very low toxicity, and also humans rarely encounter unwanted effects from it. But like many terpenes and solvents, limonene may exert an irritating action on the skin and the respiratory system, which symptoms are watery eyes, vasodilation and consequent effects on the nose, eyes, bronchial tubes, and lungs. Nevertheless, limonene may be used as a treatment for bronchitis, and lots of men and women believe this terpene may add a great subtle flavour and freshness to smoke and vapour, as well as a more accentuated therapeutic impact. Instead of THC, limonene never entered any record of controlled substances. Therefore, researchers have been more free to concentrate on its possible effectiveness as an antidepressant, anxiolytic, immunostimulant, antibacterial, and anti inflammatory agent. This chemical is also utilized in diets aimed at weight reduction, in treating ulcers and gastrointestinal reflux, as an antiseptic and also an insect repellent. Additionally, there are undergoing trials for utilizing limonene to treat depression and stress: through testing about the effects of limonene, participants experienced a rise in attention, mental attention, well-being and even libido.

A 2011 study conducted at the University of Arizona and printed in the journal Oncology Reviews found that limonene results in modulate the body’s immune system, leading to an anti-cancer impact. A 2013 study from the same university and published in the journal Cancer Prevention Research discovered limonene effective in preventing cancer cell regeneration and reducing tumor size. This was an individual trial involving more than 40 girls who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. A subsequent research on the same kind of tumour found similar positive outcomes. A study conducted in 2014 in France and published in the journal Anti-inflammatory and Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry reported that limonene has potent anti-inflammatory properties, which makes this terpene a promising choice in the treatment of certain forms of cancer. This study found that limonene can stop tumours from damaging surrounding healthy tissue by reducing their ability to create new blood vessels. Eventually, this terpene was also found to play a role in treating damaged skin and regenerating mobile tissues. While we wait for further study on the medical applications of limonenewe can taste and enjoy the consequences of Lemon Shining Silver Haze and a number of other citric varieties. Any cannabis strain comprising”lemon” or other sour fruits in its name is likely to contain large amounts of limonene, imagining its breeders were sober enough if they named their new strain! Yet also some other”non-lemon” breeds are packed with this particular terpene.